MONUMENTS TO THE POET ALEXANDER PUSHKIN
The first monument to Alexander Pushkin in Ukraine and the second in the Russian Empire was opened in Odessa on the Primorsky Boulevard in 1889 Zh.Polonskaya was a sculptor, and A. Vasiliev – an architect. The bust is made of bronze. Pedestal – granite. This monument is considered one of the best in portrait likeness.
Pushkin spent 13 months in 1823-1824in Odessa. He sang his poems in Odessa. The street on which he lived during some time was called the Italian (now Pushkinskaya). He died in 1837 in a duel.
By the 50 th anniversary of his death, it was decided to put a monument to him. However, to collect the necessary funds by the deadline was not possible, and the monument was opened with a delay. There is a legend that the monument turned his back to the City Council because of the fact that the municipality has not allocated funds for its construction. However, it is not true – most of the monuments in Odessa was built exactly on the money of the population, and in 1889 present City Council building was an Exchange. Actually City Council was placed in a semicircular building in front of Potemkin Steps, so Pushkin still looks just at it. Moreover Duma actually gave required funds to the monument, even thought they where collect with the delay.
The harsh winter has prevented the opening of the finished monument on the anniversary of Pushkin’s Death. It was founded at 2 February 1887, and by October 1st, 1888 the monument was already almost ready, but the opening happened only in April 16, 1889.
A large plane tree located next to the monument, according to another urban legend, allegedly planted by Pushkin himself, but this is not true. By more confident reports a tree was planted at about the same time when the monument was opened.
The first monument to Pushkin in Odessa and in Ukraine was opened on Primorsky Boulevard in the XIX century.
The second monument to Pushkin, established relatively recently, in the XX century, is on the street named Pushkinskaya on behalf of the poet, near his house-museum. It is a monument in full size without the pedestal. Pushkin depicted there as if he just left his home and waiting a crew.
Tourists adore to make photoes with the monument, because Pushkin looks like alive, standing next to the sidewalk, and you can even cuddle with him.
Fun feature of the monument is a cane. It was stealing dozens times, until it was made of ordinary steel. Yes, non-ferrous metals are not very much appreciated by vagrants.
The monument was opened in June 4, 1999. Sculptor – A.V.Tokarev.
MONUMENT TO TARAS SHEVCHENKO
Sculpture — marble pedestal of granite.
Sculptors Belostotskiy A., Suprun O.; arhitektor Topuz G.,
On the vast square stands the nine-meter monument to Shevchenko. Around the granite parapet. On the granite engraved Stella dates in the life of the poet (1814-1861) and the verse of “Zapovit”:
And my family great,
In the free new family,
Don’t forget to remember
Kindly, quiet word.
MONUMENT TO IVAN FRANKO
First in southern Ukraine, a monument to the prominent Ukrainian writer and politician Ivan Franko was opened in Odessa in 2006. The opening was initiated by the Department of culture of the regional state administration and Odessa Executive Committee.
The Department of culture and tourism of regional state administration held a contest for the best project of the monument. The proposal of the sculptor Boris Rumyantsev and architect N. Rumyantsev was recognized as the best.
MONUMENT TO ISAAC BABEL
The fate of the writer was sad. He was arrested in 1939, tortured and executed in the dungeons of the NKVD. Hit list was signed by Stalin, who had a personal dislike of Babel. In 1954, posthumously rehabilitated. With the active assistance of K. Paustovsky who liked Babel and left fond memories of him, after 1956 Babel was returned to Soviet literature. However, the Babel’s legacy in something shared his fate. Even after his rehabilitation his works were subjected to severe censorship.
The monument was unveiled in September 4, 2011 on Zhukovsky Street, across the street from the house on Richelieu 17, where the writer lived until 1924. In this house during the Soviet era, in 1964, it was a memorial plaque. The idea of creating a monument appeared in 2007. The author of the idea, vice president of the World Club of Odessa residents, said that he saw a monument to Ivan Franko recently erected at the end of Alexandrovskiy Avenue and he was amazed that the monument was set to the person who has no relation to the Odessa and had barely been here. At the same time there are almost no monuments to real Odessa citizens. Odessa citizens initiative to settle a monument to the writer was supported by the Odessa City Council. Funds collected all over the world among the former Odessans and just indifferent people. After a competition, the winner was recognized a project proposed by Moscow sculptor G.Frangulyan. Babel is depicted sitting in a sad position. This provoked some criticism, in particular, the daughter of Babel wrote: “Will the new generation able to understand all this, or are they will just see the hunched, lonely, sad man? In fact Babel was real Odessa sitizen – funny, cheerful, with she shiny eyes and with an extraordinary sense of humor … “
MONUMENT TO LEONID UTYOSOV
Leonid Utyosov (1895-1982) – an entertainer, National Artist of the USSR (1965). He was born in Odessa, appeared on the stage since 1911. Utyosov was an initiator, director and soloist of the first Soviet jazz band – “Tea-jazz” (later State pop orchestra RSFSR), which co-starred in the movie “Jolly Fellows” (1934).
Utyosov’s repertoire also included songs about Odessa: “From Odessa’s Kichman”, “The Black Sea”, “Odessit Mishka”, “Golden lights”, “Port of Odessa,” “Ah, Odessa!”, ” Odessa melted behind the astern “.
The story about the name of the singer is very interesting. Artist Skavronsky invited Vaysbeyn in 1912 in his thumbnail. But he put a condition: “There should be no one Vaysbeyn!”. The fact that the real name of the actor – Leiser (Lazarus) I. Vaysbeyn.
“… And I decided to take a name which no one has never had yet, simply to invent a new one.
Naturally, my thoughts revolved around the hill. I would gladly become Skalov, but there already was an actor Scalov. Then, perhaps, maybe I need to become Gorsky? But Gorsky there was in Odessa too. Also Gorev and Gorin were in Odessa as well! But apart from the mountains and rocks, there must be any other hills in the nature. Maybe I can become Kholmskiy or Kholmov. No, there is something sad in this surname, reminds about graveyard…
– What is same outstanding in the whole world? – I thought about it standing on Langeron and looking at the cliff with a fishing hut.
– Oh my God – I thought, – cliffs, there are cliffs! (cliff means “utyos” in Russian)
I began to turn the word this way and that. Utyosin? – Not good – in the end there is something rustic, small, small … – Utyosov? – Through flashed in my mind … Yes, yes! Utyosov! Surely Utyosov!”
Utyosov was born and lived in Odessa in Treugolniy lane, house №11. After his death it was renamed and not it’s Utyosov lane. Utyosov dead in Moscow. He was buried at Novodevichie cemetery. A memorial plaque placed at the house where he lived.
Monument to Leonid Utyosov was opened in Odessa on 2 September 2000 (on the City Day). Sculptor – A.V.Tokarev architect V.L.Glazyrin (the same as a year later made the monument to Utochkin located in fifty meters).
MONUMENT TO SERGEI UTOCHKIN
Sergei Isaevich Utochkin (1876-1916) – one of the first Russian pilots, football-players, cyclers, car and motorcycle racer of the early twentieth century. By his own admission, Utochkin engaged in fifteen sports! Outstanding results in cycling (14 wins in national and overseas races) were combined with successes in boxing, fencing, running, swimming, and soccer (he was the first Russian player of Odessa British Athletic Club). “Academic of sport”, as he was called by Chukovsky, Utochkin was, as we say now, extreme. He was an excellent driver, and once he slid on the car down the Potemkin stairs from the boulevard to the port. One of the first, he has brought skating to Odessa. He was the first one who had the bike in Odessa. Some people told that he passed the Gorbatiy’s bridge top supports on his bike!
But the main hobby for Sergei Isaevich was ballooning, later – aviation. He managed his first balloon flight in October 1, 1907. In December of that year he flies over the Egyptian pyramids. March 31, 1910 Utochkin managed first flew on an airplane, and became the second aviator in Russia (the first was Mikhail Yefimov). His first flight, he carried on Farman biplane owned by banker S. Ksidias. In total, Sergei Utochkin made about 150 flights. Repeatedly his planes were wrecked; the heaviest accident occurred in July 1911 during a flight from St. Petersburg to Moscow.
Writer Kuprin, a friend of Utochkin, wrote about their meeting: “I met him in Odessa, on Bolshy Fontan, in the summer of 1904 and since then has never been able to imagine Utochkin without Odessa and Odessa without Utochkin.”
In winter 1915 S.Utochkin caught a cold and died of pneumonia in the hospital of St. Nicholas, it happened in 1916 on New Year’s Eve (January 13 on the Gregorian calendar). Great odessite buried in St. Petersburg, St. Nicholas cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery.
Monument to Sergei Utochkin established on 2 September 2001 in the City Garden near the former cinema “Utoch-kino.” A.V.Tokarev was a sculptor, and an architect was V.L.Glazyrin. There you can see an athlete, which thinks about something, launching a paper airplane in the sky.
The place for the monument is not accidental. Herer, in the house of Isakovich, built in the 1880 (architect Zh.L.Gofman) S.Utochkin 1913 opened the first movie theater in Odessa in October, named it “Utoch-kino.” Brothers Leonid and Nikolai Utochkin carried it out. In Soviet times, a cinema called “Red litun” (“Red Pilot” – 1925), “Red railwayman” (1932), was named on behalf of S.Utochkin theater (since 1941), called “Oltenia” (during the Romanian occupation), “Zoldatenkino” (in the last months of the occupation, when the Germans were driven out of the Romanians), cinema Mayakovsky (since 1956). After a fire in 1998 it was closed. An attempt was made to restore it, and since 2000 there operated a cinema called “Kino Utochkino.” But in late 2008, it was closed again, and seems to have finally. The main reason – it’s the law about translation all films in the Ukrainian language – and this lead to the fact that cinema has begun to yield losses.
MONUMENT TO VERA HOLODNAYA
Vera V. Holodnaya (1893-1919) – the famous Russian actress of silent movies. She starred in dozens of films (the exact number is not known, but no less than fifty). Earned immense popularity.
In 1918, as part of cinematographically expedition of D.Haritonov she went from Moscow to Odessa, where he allegedly died from the flu. While the world was raging around the first influenza pandemic, so-called “Spanish flu” that claimed even more lives than just passed World War. However, there is a version that an actress was poisoned by Denikin or by French because of her sympathies to “reds”. Considering that the French counter-intelligence was capable of murder of women (after a couple of weeks after the death of the actress, they shot a revolutionary Jeanne Labourbe), it is not ruled out. But was it really in fact – we’ll never know, because the embalmed body of the actress, who was buried in the chapel at the First Christian cemetery in Odessa, disappeared during the destruction of the cemetery in 1933, hence the exhumation and examination of the remains, even if someone had a similar head, impossible.
Funeral of actress were in Transfiguration Cathedral. And the monument is installed directly on the site of the Papudov’s house, where she died.
MONUMENT TO VLADIMIR VYSOTSKY
Bronze sculpture dedicated to Vladimir Vysotsky has been installed in front of the Odessa film studio in September 2012.
The initiative for the monument to Vladimir Vysotsky owned Odessa businessman and politician Igor Markov. The initiative was supported by the city authorities of Odessa, who in April 2011 created a commission, “… for the preparation of activities related to the construction of the monument to Vladimir Vysotsky in Odessa.” The Commission decided to hold a competition to create a conceptual design of the monument. Call for Proposals of the monument began in November 2011. The results were announced in March 2012. The competition was attended by 17 sculptors. The winners are sculptors and architects V. A.Knyazik, V.Glazyrin and A.Chernov.
MONUMENT TO LUDVIK ZAMENHOFF
Odessa’s monument to Ludvik Zamenhof is the first and only one monument in Ukraine to Ludvik Zamenhof, which was a creator of Esperanto. Located in Odessa, in the courtyard at Deribasovskaya 3. Established in 1959. Sculptor – Nikolai Blazhkov.
In 1950 the sculptor was commissioned from Poland to create a bust of Zamenhof, but for unclear reasons customers did not come for the monument. Then plaster bust was installed on the roof of the well in the courtyard, where lived sculptor Blazhkov. When he received questions of local authorities to whom is this monument, sculptor replied that it’s the bust of his father. This precaution was due to the fact that Stalin’s Esperanto movement was outlawed.
On behalf of the City Council as part of the monumental art in 2008, the restoration of the bust was made. The result looks like concrete pedestal, faced with marble; Pavement; forged metal fence; lawn; and a bust covered with a special compound that simulates marble.
Monument appreciated by Esperanto speakers. It is often visited by foreign delegations and by tourists; and every year, marking the day of Zamenhof, by local Esperanto speakers . Russian poet and Esperanto speaker Yuri Davydov wrote a poem about it:
Descendants did not forget Zamenhof –
There is a monument, one in the whole Union!
They loved this Genius so tender
That even in the yard we have his bust!
Though it’s not visible from the street – because, they say, “should be like that”
(Odessa, Deribasovskaya – 3)
When you will be here in Odessa, kara kamarado
Look on reflection of wise thoughts
MONUMENT TO STEVE JOBS
October 5, 2012 in Odessa around the hostel Odessa state Academy of technical regulation and quality appeared an unusual monument. This is a two-meter tall hand made from various bits of iron with a hole in the middle, repeating the logo of the company “Apple” that belonged to Steve jobs (1955-2011). On the pedestal is written in Russian and English “Thanks, Steve”, “Thanks, Steve”. The opening came a few hundred people with photos of S. Jobs.
The opening date was not chosen by chance — it is the anniversary of the death of S. jobs. Sculptor K. Maksimenko. The monument went several hundred pounds of metal parts. This is the first monument to S. jobs on the territory of the former USSR.
At night the monument is illuminated. Nearly is free Wi-Fi.